Catharsis in human development

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J. Heron, Catharsis in human development. London: British Postgraduate Medical Federation, University of London, in association with Human Potential Research Project, University of Surrey, 1977.

Contents

Foreword

Chapter 2: Human catharsis
  1. Catharsis as such
    1. Discharge of grief
    2. Discharge of fear
    3. Discharge of anger
    4. Discharge of embarrassment
    5. Discharge of guilt and shame
    6. Discharge of disgust
    7. Discharge of boredom
    8. Discharge of physical fatigue
  2. Components of cathartic release
    1. Balance of attention
    2. The release
    3. Spontaneous insight
    4. Celebration
  3. The effects of catharsis
    1. Spontaneous insight
    2. Celebration of personal being
    3. Break-up of distorted behaviour
    4. Living in abundant time
    5. Synchronous events
  4. Processes that complement catharsis
    1. Creative thinking
    2. Creative choosing
    3. Expansion of consciousness
    4. Culture of the body
    5. Art
  5. Cognition and catharsis
    1. Theory framework
    2. Theory revision
    3. Pre-cathartic open association
    4. Pre-cathartic intention
    5. Pre-cathartic disidentification
    6. Pre-cathartic cognitive reversal
    7. Cathartic insight
    8. Post-cathartic insight
    9. disidentification and cognitive reversals in daily life
  6. Transmutation and catharsis
  7. Catharsis and dramatisation
  8. Catharsis and control patterns

Chapter 3: Catharsis and human interaction

  1. The management of catharsis
    1. One-way direction by another
    2. Two-way direction by each other
    3. Two-way self-direction
    4. Solitary self-direction
    5. Combinations
  2. Techniques of catharsis
    1. Witnessing cathartic release in others
    2. Internal ideation.
    3. External mobilisation of body energy
    4. Self-directed mobilisation of body energy
    5. Combinations
    6. Building the human centre
  3. Catharsis and community
    1. Child-raising
    2. Self-determination and parity
    3. Confluent education
    4. Deprofessionalisation
    5. Multiple roles and social re-organisation
    6. Communal interaction
    7. Male/female role reciprocity
    8. Sex-positive attitudes
  4. Catharsis and orgasm
    1. The sex negative theory
    2. The sex positive theory

Chapter 4: Human needs and behaviour

  1. Physical needs
  2. Personal needs
    1. The need to love and be loved
    2. The need to understand and be understood
    3. The need to be self-directing and to be freely engaged with the directions of a greater whole
  3. Human behaviour
    1. Distinctively human behaviour
    2. Distorted human behaviour
    3. Perverted human behaviour
    4. The rigid society

Chapter 5: Human vulnerability

  1. Physical vulnerability
  2. Personal vulnerability
  3. Primary sources of personal vulnerability
    1. Survival and self-realisation
    2. Love and separation
    3. Understanding and inscrutable phenomena
    4. Self-direction and the refractory world
    5. Unprogrammed, unlimited, hence unstable potential
    6. Other persons equally vulnerable
  4. Secondary sources of personal vulnerability
    1. Physical interference
    2. Psychological interference
    3. Social interference
  5. Tertiary sources of personal vulnerability

Chapter 6: Human distress

  1. Physical distress
  2. Personal distress
    1. Love and grief
    2. Understanding and fear
    3. Self-direction and anger
    4. Interconnections of personal distress
  3. Hierarchy of distress
    1. Physical distress via natural causes
    2. Physical distress via human intervention
    3. Personal distress via primary sources of personal vulnerability
    4. Personal distress via secondary sources of personal vulnerability
    5. Personal distress via tertiary sources of personal vulnerability

Chapter 7: Effects of distress

  1. Degrees of distress
    1. Enabling distress
    2. Neutral distress
    3. Disabling distress
  2. Disabling personal distress in the child
    1. Encysting
    2. Automatic distortion
    3. Induced distortion
    4. Distortion hierarchy
    5. Physiological correlates of distress
    6. Complete distress history
  3. How does personal distress distort behaviour?
    1. The record theory
    2. The symbolic maladjustment theory
    3. The way the world is theory
    4. The three theories combined
    5. The personal distress record from human sources of distress
    6. The personal distress record from primary sources of distress
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